Tuesday, 23 January 2024 00:00

What Can Be Done About Bunions?

Bunions, also known as hallux valgus, are a common and often misunderstood foot deformity. While they may appear as a bump on the side of the big toe, they involve changes in the bone structure. The big toe leans towards the second toe, causing misalignment and the formation of the visible bump. Bunions are progressive and develop over time. Symptoms may include pain, inflammation, burning, and even numbness, especially when wearing tight shoes or high heels. Women are more prone to symptoms due to footwear choices. While shoes do not cause bunions, they can exacerbate the condition. Bunions can be caused by an inherited faulty foot structure, making some people more susceptible. Diagnosis involves a physical examination and X-rays to assess the deformity's extent. Treatment options include changes in footwear, padding, activity modification, medication, injections, and custom orthotic devices. Surgery may be necessary when non-surgical treatments fail to alleviate pain and interfere with daily activities. Various surgical procedures aim to correct the deformity and reduce pain. The choice of surgery depends on factors like the extent of deformity, age, and activity level. If you have a painful bunion, it is suggested that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist to see how they can help you.

If you are suffering from bunions, contact one of our podiatrists of East Ocean Podiatry . Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.

Why Do Bunions Form?

Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary

Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions

How Are Bunions Diagnosed?

Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.

How Are Bunions Treated?

  • Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
  • Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
  • Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
  • Orthotics or foot inserts
  • Surgery

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Deerfield Beach, FL . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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